Pioneer Valley Wholesale takes pride in providing quality products and services to bait and tackle shops throughout the Northeastern United States with competively priced fresh bait and fishing tackle for fishermen.

We often say, our bait will catch a fish or die trying. Our hundreds of dealers agree wholeheartedly !

This is because Pioneer Valley Wholesale is dedicated to providing our bait and tackle dealers with healthy and strong live bait. The secret to our success is proper care and attention to the live bait, as well as our guaranteed distribution service.

In 2010, our company invested in an expanded wholesale bait facility with improved technologies and equipment. This new facility is located adjacent to a central transportation hub which allows expediate pick up and delivery of sensitive shipments such as live bait. If you are a retail bait and tackle dealer, anywhere in the United States, we invite you to contact us today.

Pioneer Valley Bait

 

 

 

 

 


 

NIGHT CRAWLERS 
Lumbricus terrestris
Night Crawlers are large reddish colored worms that can reach lengths of 8"-10" when extended.
Unlike other worm species they come to the surface at night, (usually when there temperature is between 50-75 Night Crawlersdegrees F. with no wind and a little rain) to feed and reproduce. They can live in the wild for up to 8 years. A large adult night crawler is typically 3 - 4 years old. This fact alone makes them virtually impossible to raise on farms like other worm species. All of our crawlers are large Canadian Night Crawlers hand picked on leased agricultural farms across Canada.

SUPER WORMS
Zoophobas mario
Superworms are not X-large Mealworms. They are a totally different species. They are the larval stage of the Zoophobas Beetle. They have a softer body, making them easier to digest and they are much more active. They can grow up to 3" and can not tolerate cold temperature. They are a favorite food of larger reptiles. Fisherman also like Superworms because of the size and eratic action when hooked. They are also packaged in bran.

TROUT/PANFISH WORMS
Eisenia fetidas Superworm
Trout/Panfish worms are imported from Europe where they are grown on large worm farms. They are approximagely 2 1/2" - 4" long and can endure a wide range of temperatures and conditions. They are packed in our mixed bedding and have an excellent shelf life. Worms have a vairety of uses from pet feedings and fishing bait to composting.  Many bird and reprile feeding programs require these high protein worms to keep their animals happy and healthy. Serious gardeners use our worms for composting and improving their soil. Fishermen probably appreciate these wors the most. From their perfect Trout/Panfish size to their lively action when on a hook. They catch fish.

WAXWORMS
Galleria mellonella
Waxworms are the larval stage of the wax moth. They are an approximately 3/4" soft white caterpillar with black
tipped feet and small black heads. They are used extensively in both the pet and fishing industry. Pet wise they make an waxwormsideal live food for any insectivorous animal. They have a very high fat content and are fairly easy to breed. Fishing wise, Fishermen love them. They are clean (packed in sawdust). They live for an extended period of time without refrigeration and most importantly they catch fish. Whether tipped on a jig or fished with a fine wire hook.

SPIKES
Calliphora vicina
Spikes are the larval stage of the Bottle Fly. They are a soft bodied Maggot approximately 1/4”-1/2” long. Like Waxworms they are a favorite of both th the pet and fishing industry. Pet wise they are about 1/2 the size of Waxworms so they are great for feeding smaller animals. For fishing they are the preferred bait of Pn Fishermen across the country. Also, they are deadly for trout when fished on a size 10 or 12 fine wire hook. They are clan (packed in sawdust and live for an extended period of time when refrigerated at 32-35 degrees F. they become extremely lively when brought to room temperature.

DILLIES - BABY NIGHTCRAWLERS
Lumbricus terrestris
Dillies are juvenile Nightcrawlers. They are all hand sorted out of the larger mature Nightcrawlers. They have no bands on them and are usually 4"-5" long. They have all the same characteristics and applications of the large Nightcrawlers. They are a favorite of fisherman seeking out a bait n a little bigger than the Trout Worms, but smaller than the Nightcrawlers. 

"GIANT" MEALWORMS
Tenebrio molitor
Mealworms are the larval stage of the Darkling Beetle. They have a tough golden/brown exoskeleton and are cylindrical. Giant MealwormsThey are appoximately 1 1/4" - 1 3/4" long. They are a high protein favorite of many types of birds and reptiles. Fisherman use mealworms year-round, whether it be stream fishing for Trout, Pond fishing with the kids or ice fishing for Panfish. They are packed in bran and ca be kept in their larval stage for long periods of time if refrigerated.

MOUSIES
Eristallis tenax
Mousies are the larval stage of the Drone Fly. They are a grayish colored soft bodied Maggot with a tail. They are
approximately 1/2" long. There is limited usage of mousies throughout the pet market, because of their limited avail-
ability. None the less they are a good feed item for birds and reptiles. They will keep in good condition for an extended Mousies Live baitperiod of time if refrigerated and also are packed in sawdust. Ice fisherman are probably the most familiar with this item as they were the first people to realize it's effectiveness on catching Panfish. For decades Mousies were the #1 choice of ice fisherman trying to fill their pails. Recently, because of their marginal availability and escalating costs, Spikes and Waxworms have taken over as #1.

BUTTER WORMS
Chilecomadia moorei
Butter worms are the soft bodied larvae stage of the Chilean moth. They are approximately 2-3 times the size of wax Butter wormsworms. Pink/orange in color, they range from 3/4" to 1/3". Butter worms are packed in bran and have an unparalleled shelf life when kept refrigerated at 35-45 degrees F.

 

Salt Water Bait

AMERICAN EEL
Anquilla rostrata
American Eels are brownish in color with a slender snake-like body and a small pointed head. The dorsal fin is long, extending more than half the length of the body and joins the tail and anal fins. They have short rounded pectoral fins and no pelvic fins. Their mouths have numerous small teeth. Adult Eels are very muscular, slimy
American Eel live bait for fishingand difficult to hold. Eels can be found in almost any body of water, but prefer larger streams or rivers with a
continuous flow of clear water. At some point in their lives they migrate to the Sargasso Sea to spawn and then
die. After hatching, young Eels migrate back to North America and enter fresh water streams to mature. A
male can reach 24" in length while a large female can easily reach 48". They are nocturnal feeders scavenging the bottoms for pretty much whatever they can find. The larger Eels are considered a delicacy with their pure
white meat, while the smaller Eels are sought out by fisherman seeking out Striped Bass.

GREEN CRAB
Carcinus maenas
The Green Crab is a small shore crab (approx. 2 1/2" - 3 1/2") that inhabits our coastal waters from Virginia to
Maine. They are considered a nuisance species and have a negative impact on the environment. They feed primar- ily on clams, Green Crab live bait for fishingoysters, mussells and marine worms. Their shell color can vary widely and juveniles can change color
to match their surroundings. Adults are generally dark greenish with yellow markings. They are quite prolific and
can produce up to 200,000 eggs at a time which are carried out to sea for development into larvae. At this stage they again ride the oceans currents and tides back to coastal waters where they molt and settle out as juvenile crabs. The primary use for Green Crabs is by fisherman to catch Blackfish. Some Green Crabs are also used to feed large rep-
tiles.

SANDWORMS
Nereis succinea
Sandworms are marine worms that can grow up to 10" in length. It is reddish/brown in color and has an identi-
fiable head with four eyes, two sensory feelers and eight tentacles. It is free swimming, scavenging the bottom of shallow saltwater flats feeding on algae and other worms. To feed it uses a probuscis which has two pinchers at the end to grasp prey and draw it into it's mouth. They are an important food source for many types of marine fish. They are all hand dug on saltwater flats at low Sand worm live bait for fishingtide in Maine. They are packed in seaweed in cardboard flats with newspaper. Their shelf life is 7-10 days and they need to be refrigerated at 42-48 degrees F. Our sandworms are dug fresh every day and delivered to us 5 days a week to guarantee freshness. We try to sell only large/x-large sandworms, but that is not always a possibility. Sandworms are directly effected by the tides. The bigger the tides (meaning the farther out the water goes at low tide) the bigger the worms. Other factors effecting the size of the worms are high winds (thus keeping the tide from going out to normal
levels) or heavy rains that cause excessive fresh water run off that spreads farther across the flats than normal.
With all this in mind we guarantee our worms to be the freshest and largest available each week.

BLOODWORMS
Glycera dibranchiata
Bloodworms are typically smaller than Sandworms. They also are a marine worm that can grow up to 10" in
length, but on the average they are 6-8". They are a creamy pink in color allowing their red body fluids to
Blood worms live bait for fishingshow through thus giving them their name. They are poor swimmers, but good burrowers. They live on the
bottom in the sand or silt of shallow saltwater flats in Maine. Like Sandworms they are hand dug daily to insure quality and freshness. They are packed in seaweed and can live up to 2 weeks when refrigerated at 42-48 degrees F.. The Bloodworm market is split about 30/70. The 30% being as pet food. Most Bloodworms sold as feed are either freeze dried or frozen. They are very nutritious and a favorite of many saltwa- ter aquarisis. The majority of Bloodworms go to the fishing market. Whether it be fishing for White Perch or Striped Bass during the spring runs. The Bloodworms are a favorite of many bank fisherman along the
Connecticut, Hudson or Delaware Rivers. They are a little more durable on the hook and don't seem to deteriorate as quickly as Sandworms do in fresh water.

 

FROZEN BAIT

BUNKER / POGY
Brevoortia tyrannus
Menhaden are members of the Herring family. They are silvery in color with a distinct black shoulder spot
behind their gill opening and a variable number of smaller spots on their sides. Their bodies are moder- ately compressed, their caudal fin is deeply forked and their fins lack spines. Atlantic Menhaden are one of the most abundant fish species in coastal Bunker Pogy frozen baitAtlantic waters. Their large numbers and tendancy to school
make them easy prey for Striped Bass and Blue Fish. Bunker are a favorite bait of fisherman chasing these
popular gamefish. All of our packaged Bunker are vacuum packed to ensure quality and freshness.

ATLANTIC MACKERAL
Scomber scrombus
The Atlantic Mackeral is pelagic schooling fish that is the most common of the many species of mackeral.
They are just as popular as a food fish, as they are as a bait fish. They have a silver belly with a blue/
purple back with black stripes. Large adults can grow up to 22" and weigh 4 lb. We carry three sizes of
Mackeral: Tinker (6"-9") small (10"-12") medium (13"-16"). All of our Mackeral are food grade and
guaranteed for quality. Our packaged Mackeral are all vac-packed while our bulk flats are sea frozen.

SANDEELS
Ammodytes americanus
Sandeels are slender fish with it's body about one-tenth as deep as it is long, with a long head and sharply pointed
Sand Eels frozen and live baitnose, wide gill openings, and large mouth with the lower jaw projecting far beyond the upper. Their jaws are
toothless. Their tail is forked. They are olive/brown in color with white/silver bellies. They average 5"- 7" and are used primarily for bait by Fluke and Striped Bass fisherman. Our Sandeels are all caught with seines so that
they do not have the usual cuts or holes in them from raked sandeels.

 

SQUID PRODUCTS

ATLANTIC SQUID (whole)
Lulliguncula brevis
Atlantic Squid or "Local Squid" are members of the mollusk family that have lost their hardshell. They have suc- tion cups on their Atlantic squid live baitarms that aid in capturing their prey. They feed primarily on fish and crustaceans and are found
throughout the Atlantic ocean. Their main body can grow up to 10" long and they are typically pink in color. They are a popular bait for almost all types of saltwater gamefish because of their durability on the hook. Fisherman use
them whole or cut up in strips.

CALIFORNIA SQUID (whole)
California Squid or "White Squid" are caught off the Southern Coast of California throughout the Fall and Winter.
California squid live bait frozen baitThey are typically smaller than Atlantic Squid averaging 10 Squid per lb. with a body length of 4-6 inch. They share many of the same characteristics as Atlantic Squid and are just as popular with the fiishermen. Our sales are about 50/50 between California and Local Squid.

BUTTERFISH
Peprilus triacan thus
American Butterfish are deep bodied, flattened sideways and somewhat circular with blunt noses and small mouths with weak teeth. Some other characteristics of this fish are the absence of ventral fins, one long continuous dorsal
Butter fish frozen baitfin, long pectoral fins and tiny cycloid scales. The tail fin is nearly as long as the dorsal fin and deeply forked.
They are lead blue in color with paler sides and a silver belly. They are generally 6-7" long and weigh from 2 - 6
ounces. They are a favorite bait of off-shore fisherman.

CLAM NECKS
Mya arenaria
Clam necks are a by product of soft-shelled clams. They are about 2-3" long and rubbery in consistancy. They stay on a bait Clam neck frozen baitholder hook quite well and are a favorite bait for Scup and Blackfish.

ATLANTIC SILVERSIDES
Menidia menidia
Atlantic Silversides or spearring as they are commonly called are slender minnow sized baitfish that are yellow-tan
in coloration with silver stripes on their sides. They can reach lengths up to 6", but are most common in the 3-5"
Atlantic silversides frozen baitrange. They are popular as both a feeder item and a bait item. They are available in a variety of packaging options
and sizes.

SEA CLAMS
Spisula solidissima
The Sea Clam is the largest of the ocean clams, reaching 5-9 inches in size. They are an excellent bait for Sea
Sea clams frozen baitBass, Stripers, Blackfish and winter Flounder. Our sea clams are all shucked whole clams. They come in a variety
of packaging and are guaranteed for quality and freshness.

ATLANTIC HERRING
Clupea harengus
Atlantic Herring are one of the most abundant species of fish on the planet. They can be found throughout the
North Atlantic congregating in large schools. Their relatively small size distinguishes them from the more than
200 different types of Herring. They have an elongated body that is fairly slender and a belly that is rounded. They
aAtlantic herring frozen baitre silvery in color and are a favorite food of Striped Bass. Fisherman in the North East use Herring all season
long; but especially in the Spring when the Stripers are running up the Rivers to spawn. They are also good bait for large Northern Pike and Catfish. All of our packaged Herring are vac-packed and our bulk Herring are hand laid in flats.


 

 

 

 



 

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